Aligning To Alignment
I have been citing the “Corner Office” (NY Times) a few times lately, but I can’t help but do it again. Recently the guest was Salesforce COO George Hu (http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/19/business/salesforcecom-executive-on-seeking-out-challenges.html?src=recg). When asked about leadership lessons, he turns to the importance of communication and alignment. He says, “We use this process called V2MOM, which stands for vision, values, methods, obstacles and measures.”
In this model, the vision and values part is the alignment component, basically what we are going to do and how we are going to do it (i.e., (my words) how we are going to treat each other and our customers). I know that “alignment” is one of those terms that has been overworked but, in this case, maybe for a reason: it is important.
In some past blogs I have shared my ALAMO model of performance:
Performance = Alignment x (Ability x Motivation x Opportunity)
While all four variables in the model can drive a fatal blow by going to zero, Alignment is the only one that can also be a negative value because it can actually draw resources away from the organization if the individual/team/organization is working on the wrong thing. “Working on the wrong thing” can be accidental (by misdiagnosis or misdirection), or even purposeful (such as sabotage, where a very motivated person can destroy value).
Misalignment can happen to both the vision and the values part of his model, but I would like to focus on the Values part as it relates to the role that 360 Feedback can play in focusing the alignment of behaviors throughout the organization.
Many organizations have Values statements, often met with some well-deserved cynicism as a plaque on the wall. Stating a value (e.g., Respect for the Individual”) must go much farther than just defining it. It must also must be defined in behavioral terms, that is, what an employee is doing (or not doing) when they are exhibiting that value.
Some of the most spirited meetings I have been in or led have been about what a Value means in behavioral terms. Many, many organizations have some version of Respect for the Individual in its Values list. But what does “respect” mean for your organization? Treating everyone the same regardless of level? Saying “thank you”? Acknowledging the viewpoints of others? Creating work-life balance (i.e, acknowledging personal lives)? Creating diversity in practice? You have to pick; the answer isn’t “all of the above.” A Value isn’t effective if it is vaguely defined or too encompassing.
One benefit of creating behavioral definitions of a value is making it very tangible if described specifically. I am reminded of the story of the homeowner who decided he need to fix his front sidewalk, spending all day on Saturday breaking up the old one, and replacing it with a nicely laid cement walkway. As the sun was setting, he looked out his window admiring his handy work only to see a dog run up and down the walk, leaving his footprints for posterity. The man got his gun (sorry) and shot the dog. When brought before the court, the judge looked down and asked, “Young man, just what were you thinking?” The man replied, “Your Honor, I really like dogs in the abstract, but not in the concrete.” Ba bump.
Values are very easy to like in the abstract, but much less so in the “concrete,” as in your actions. Just ask religious leaders about that.
Another value that might seem obvious to you but not others is Integrity. One version of Integrity is the core notion of telling the truth, not lying, not cheating, etc. But more and more we see organizations who see telling the truth as a given, and choose to use Integrity as communicating the more subtle message of “walking the talk, “ as in doing what you say you will do, following through on commitments, and following the same rules/expectations that you set for others.
An organization-wide 360 feedback process built around an organization’s Values has many powerful benefits, including:
- Reinforces the importance of the Values as part of the “how” side of performance
- Requires the identification of the behaviors that uniquely define the Values for the organization
- Are disseminated to all employees, usually requiring serious consideration as the raters perform their duties as feedback providers
- Creates accountability for follow through assuming development plans are integrated into performance management processes
- Creates a method for trending individual and organizational progress toward “living the Values.”
- Can be used to identify leaders who do not comply with the Values
We would like to think that Values statements are enduring and wouldn’t require change very often. But if the organization finds that it needs to change its emphasis to support strategy (e.g., more customer focus, quality, innovation, accountability), the message can be quickly operationalized by inserting the behaviors (labeled as a dimension to further create alignment) in the 360 that is used by all segments of the enterprise. This need to shift quickly is now called “Agility” in the vernacular, and organizations as well as individuals are being required to demonstrate it more than ever.
Alignment and Agility are intertwined, and communicate simultaneously focus and flexibility on both the Vision (“What”) and Values (“How”) that are uniquely defined by the organization. I would argue that Alignment is one activity that cannot be overdone or overused, which is one message I take away from George Hu’s lessons of leadership.
Finally, one other message to take away from Mr. Hu’s V2MOM: Measurement. Measurement reinforces Alignment, and you get what you measure. Measurement also creates accountability. And a 360 Assessment, well-designed and delivered, does both. We largely know how to measure the “what;” show me a better way to measure the “how.”
©2013 David W. Bracken